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BG RADIO V1.0


The LoRa Radio Node v1.0 based on the ATmega328P and RFM98 433Mhz radio module. The main chip ATmega328P clocked at 8 MHz and at 3.3V logic, which uses the Arduino pro mini 8Mhz 3.3V bootloader, usage same as the Arduino pro mini. This chip has 32K of flash and 2K of RAM.




BG RADIO V1.0



This LoRa Radio Node uses the extra space left over to add an RFM9x LoRa 433 MHz radio module. These radios are not good for transmitting audio or video, but they do work quite well for small data packet transmission when you need more range than 2.4 GHz (BT, BLE, WiFi, ZigBee).


Yes, the AIO Theme switch component uses a dbc.RadioItems to display the themes in the offcanvas component. You can use the radio_props to update the options. Here is a complete example where only three themes are displayed:


Breaking Consolidated native and custom form elements. Checkboxes, radios, selects, and other inputs that had native and custom classes in v4 have been consolidated. Now nearly all our form elements are entirely custom, most without the need for custom HTML.


Breaking Toggle buttons, with checkboxes or radios, no longer require JavaScript and have new markup. We no longer require a wrapping element, add .btn-check to the , and pair it with any .btn classes on the . See #30650. The docs for this has moved from our Buttons page to the new Forms section.


Browser default checkboxes and radios are replaced with the help of .form-check, a series of classes for both input types that improves the layout and behavior of their HTML elements, that provide greater customization and cross browser consistency. Checkboxes are for selecting one or several options in a list, while radios are for selecting one option from many.


Omit the wrapping .form-check for checkboxes and radios that have no label text. Remember to still provide some form of accessible name for assistive technologies (for instance, using aria-label). See the forms overview accessibility section for details.


For a future service, T-Mobile US and SpaceX are partnering to add satellite cellular service capability to Starlink satellites. It will provide dead-zone cell phone coverage across the US using existing midband PCS spectrum that T-Mobile owns.[105][106] Cell coverage will begin with messaging and expand to include voice and limited data services later, with testing to begin in 2023. T-Mobile plans to connect to Starlink satellites via existing mobile devices, unlike previous generations of satellite phones which used specialized radios, modems, and antennas to connect to satellites in higher orbits.[4] Bandwidth will be limited to approximately 2 to 4 megabits per second total, split across a very large cell coverage area; so limited to approximately 1,000 voice callers in a cell. The size of a single coverage cell has not yet been publicly released, but the satellites are 7 meters long, and the antenna would fold out to be "roughly 25 square meters".[105]


The planned large number of satellites has been met with criticism from the astronomical community because of concerns over light pollution.[317][318][319] Astronomers claim that the number of visible satellites will outnumber visible stars and that their brightness in both optical and radio wavelengths will severely impact scientific observations. While astronomers can schedule observations to avoid pointing where satellites currently orbit, it is "getting more difficult" as more satellites come online.[320] The International Astronomical Union (IAU), National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), and Square Kilometre Array Organization (SKAO) have released official statements expressing concern on the matter.[321][322][323]


The RC38612 RAN synchronizer regenerates and distributes ultra-low jitter; precision timing signals that are locked to IEEE 1588 and Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) reference sources elsewhere in a system. The device can be used to precisely synchronize IEEE 1588 Time Stamp Units (TSUs) and SyncE ports on wireless baseband, DU, CU, RU, fronthaul or backhaul networks. Digital PLLs (DPLLs) support hitless reference switching between references from redundant timing sources. The device can be used to actively measure and compensate for clock propagation delays across backplanes and across circuit boards to ensure the distribution of accurate time and phase with minimal time error between IEEE 1588 TSUs in a system. The device supports multiple independent timing channels for: IEEE 1588 clock synthesis; SyncE clock generation; jitter attenuation and radio clock generationi including SYSREF generation for converters. Input-to-input, input-to-output and output-to-output phase skew can all be precisely managed. The device outputs ultra-low-jitter clocks that can directly synchronize SERDES running at up to 28Gbps; as well as CPRI/OBSAI, SONET/SDH ADC/DAC and IEEE 1588 TSUs.


This page provides an easy way to download the latest firmware file foryour MULTI-Module, or MULTI-Module equipped radio.By default the latest firmware is shown, with older releases available using the drop-down FirmwareVersion selector


Note: OpenTX/EdgeTX radios with small LCD screens (e.g. Taranis Q X7, RadioMaster TX12) will not display files with names longer than 32 characters when browsing the SD card from the radio menu. You may need to rename the downloaded file before you can access it on your radio.


  • Starting from MULTI-Module firmware version v1.3.1.77 the firmware files have changed and some options are no longer required.No need to choose between OpenTX and erSkyTx/er9x builds because OpenTX/EdgeTX and erSkyTX/er9x now use the same method to receive telemetry data from the MULTI-Module.

  • No need to choose between inverted and non-inverted telemetry because the radio and MULTI-Module will automatically negotiate the telemetry inversion setting

Firmware file names have been changed to reflect that these choices are no longer required.


  • The Joying Extra Tools apk can also be downloaded from that Releases page. The Joying Extra Tools apk allows you to: Functionality/OptionSofia 3GR IntelRockchip PX5-A53 ARMIntel Airmont sp9853i Enable or disable adb over WiFi Update busybox to latest OpenGapps version (currently 1.22-1) Install the Xposed framework(1) Install "main server" mods(2)(3)(4) Install Viper4Android(5)(6)(6) Install Joying Settings.apk or Standard Android Settings.apkN.A.N.A. Install Radio mods (examples)(7)(7)(7) Install other mods like Music Player, Video Player, Bluetooth (examples)(8)not available (yet?) (Continuously) measure temperatures and CPU frequencies of your unit Alter the DPI of your unit Expand the hosts file to prevent ads, banners, hijackers, etc. (see ) Reboot and "Hot Reboot" options (hot reboot only restarts Gui and thereby all apks) Option to wipe /sdcard to completely wipe everythong from your internal memory storage. Option to wipe /data to do a "factory defaults" reset. Option to replace boot animation Option to replace default ringtone (it us not configureable in the Joying Settings) Adapt overscan parameters ("shrink" screen left/right/top/bottom, if it displays "outside" screen boundaries) Optimize system by removing/disabling (unnecessary) system apps and services(9) EXPERIMENTAL, can soft-brick your unit. You better use the gtxaspec custom ROM for the Sofia unit.

  • The "main server" apk is called Sofia-1-C9-Server-V1.0.apk on the Intel Sofia units.

  • The "main server" apk is called 000000000_com.syu.ms.apk on the ARM PX5-A53 units.

  • The "main server" apk is called 190000000_com.syu.ms.apk on the Intel Airmont sp9853i.

  • Only on Android 5.1.1. Android 6.0.1 has driver issues.

  • Removed as it simply doesn't work. The 8.1.0 units with digital output spdiff don't need it anyway.

  • The radio mods are now separated by android version. It is not good to use older version from 6 on 8.0.0, and the new 8.1.0 versions seem to be slightly different.

  • These mods are also from the Android 6 Sofia models and should be exchangeable, but they are all slightly older and might have bugs.

  • For Android 6.0.1 the gtx-rom is available which has the same optimizations. You better use that custom ROM.

Note that most of the Android 6.0.1 mods are not mine but others.


The RRM coverage hole detection algorithm can detect areas of radio coverage in a wireless LAN that are below the level needed for robust radio performance. This feature can alert us to the need for an additional (or relocation) lightweight access point.


The TPC algorithm runs every 10 minutes (600Secs). The RF group leader runs TPC on a per-radio, per-AP basis. Therefore, a power adjustment on 802.11b/g has no bearing on the 802.11a power level settings for the same AP.


***Note: It is important to remember that decreases in AP radio power levels are gradual, whereas increases can take place immediately. Therefore, if we change the RRM configuration settings, do not expect to start seeing the APs changing channels and adjusting their power as soon as we click Apply.


Power Assignment Leader: This field displays the IP address of the WLC that is currently the RF Group Leader. Because RF Grouping is performed per-AP, per-radio, this value can be different for the 802.11a & 802.11b/g networks.


***Note: When an AP first boots up out the box, it transmits on channel 1 on the 802.11b/g radio and channel 36 for the 802.11a radio. The channels change according to any DCA adjustments if necessary. If a reboot occurs, the APs remain on the same channel they were using before the reboot until a DCA event occurs. If an AP is on channel 152 and reboots, it will continue to use channel 152 when it comes back up.


Specifically excluded from the License grant relating to the APIs and the API Data are any television type uses such as electronic publishing, database transmissions, side band transmissions, cable castings, over-the-air transmission, nationally originated television, locally originated television, cable television, satellite television, internet protocol television, OTT, interactive television or other types of broadcasts, such as radio broadcast, internet broadcast, wireless broadcast, satellite or other broadcast technology which currently exists or which may exist in the future. 041b061a72


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